What is Crohns disease? It’s types and the treaments

Last week, one of my neighbours was complaining about severe stomach pain. We waited for around two to three hours for it to subside. We found that the pain was getting accentuated with time. We took her to the nearest medical practitioner and she was identified with Crohns disease. What is this Crohns disease? It was a new term for us. I got back home and researched about it. I was shocked to read the reason for her stomach pain. I found that Crohns disease is a bowel disease which affects any part starting from mouth to anywhere till anus.

Factors Causing Crohns disease

The exact reasons and causes are still unknown to us. Researchers have identified  various factors which contribute to Crohns disease. It might be bacterial or any environmental hazards that cause this disease. As a result, of the immune system of our body getting affected, it attacks the gastrointestinal path.

The main effect of Crohns disease is that the immune system gets affected. These affects the gastrointestinal tract. The immune system which gets affected first attacks the other cells in our body. The walls of the intestine get inflamed. It has a harmful chain reaction.

crohns diseaase- smokingMostly this disease might be transferred hereditarily. First the immune system gets affected which might be hereditary. There are other environmental factors which might also be the cause of Crohns disease. A person who has succumbed to high stress also gets easily affected by Crohns disease.

The other factors which are major reasons for Crohns disease are the lifestyle of a person. A person who drinks or smokes is more vulnerable to this disease severely than a non-drinker or a non-smoker.

Types of Crohn

There are 5 different kinds of Crohn’s which have been identified. They are namely Gastroduodenal Crohns Disease, Ileitis, JejunoIleitis, Ileocolitis, Crohn’s Colitis. These types are named after the parts of intestine which gets inflamed. Let us see how to identify that a person is suffering from Crohns disease.

How to identify Crohn’s disease

As discussed earlier, there are 5 types of Crohn’s disease identified based on the inflammations. These symptoms actually vary as per the part which is affected.

1Gastroduodenal Crohns disease:

As it is implied in the name it affects the duodenum part of small intestine. The small intestine is otherwise called as the duodenum.

Its main symptoms may vary anything from vomiting or loss of appetite. Due to this, the person suffering from this type of Crohn’s disease suffers from loss of weight and become an anaemic patient.

2Ileitis:

This type of Crohns disease affects the lowest part of the small intestine, which is called as the ileum.The patients suffering from this type of Crohns disease often experience abdominal pain and extreme loss of weight.

3Jejunoileitis Crohns disease:

This type of Crohn’s disease affects the jejunum or the upper part of the small intestine.The symptoms vary from cramping of stomach and diarrhea. Sometimes there is extreme stomach pain.

4Ileocolitis:

This type of Crohn’s disease causes the inflammation of both colon and the ileum.The symptoms again vary anything from sharp stomach pain to diarrhea and vomiting. This type of Crohns disease also causes weight loss.

5Granulomatous colitis:

Again as the name suggests, this type affects the colon part of large intestine.This type of colon causes extreme diarrhea. It also leads to dehydration and to criticality position. When this condition gets serious it might also develop ulcers in the area of the anus of the affected person.

Tests for Crohn’s

The tests conducted to detect Crohn’s disease are carried out to check which portion of the gastrointestinal tract is affected. There is a specific test which is run on patients who complain of vomiting and pain. The patients who complain about a severe loss of weight may also be diagnosed with Crohns disease.

These are the various tests that are carried out:

  • Fecal test to identify or to test the blood in the stool.
  • The last section of the colon is tested with a test method named as sigmoidoscopy.
  • Small bowel can be monitored with capsule endoscopy.
  • Colon can be tested by using colonoscopy.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging can be used for picturing the entire abdominal area.
  • Apart from all these, there could be certain blood test which could be done.

Now that we have had a review of Crohn’s disease, we need to understand proper and microbe-free lifestyle, to help us stay away from this disease. Apart from this once you are identified with this disease, it is important to prescribe a well-chosen diet. You can take your nutritionist advice as far as the diet is concerned. Try staying away from Crohn’s by adhering to a good and healthy lifestyle.